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Admin


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Join date : 2008-05-26

PostSubject: Definitions   Sat Sep 13, 2008 6:55 pm

Based on the items below, define ADDRESSEE, RATIFIED PARTICIPANT, BYSTANDER and EAVESDROPPER.

Arrow LISTENS
Arrow HEARS
Arrow CAN REJECT THE ROLE OF HEARER
Arrow THE SENDER’S FACE MAY BE AFFRONTED
Arrow THE HEARER’S FACE MAY BE AFFRONTED
Arrow IS DIRECTLY ADDRESSED
Arrow MAY COOPERATE IN THE SPEECH ACT
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Adriana A



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PostSubject: Re: Definitions   Mon Sep 15, 2008 2:21 pm

Like a Star @ heaven The addressee is someone:
· directly addressed by the Subject.
· who listens carefully to what the Subject says.
· who can’t reject the role of Hearer.

Like a Star @ heaven A ratified participant:
· listens carefully to what the Subject says.
· may cooperate in the Speech Act.
· is someone whose face may be affronted.
· can reject the role of hearer.

Like a Star @ heaven A bystander:
· hears what the Subject says to a Hearer.
· may affront the sender’s face.

Like a Star @ heaven An eavesdropper:
· hears secretly what the Subject says to a hearer.
· may affront the sender’s face but at the expense of feeling antipathy.
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virginial



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PostSubject: Re: Definitions   Wed Sep 17, 2008 11:41 pm

AN ADDRESSEE:
• is directly addressed.
• listens to what the speaker says – he pays attention to the conversation and does not simply hear.
• may affront the sender’s face if he rejects the role of hearer.

A RATIFIED PARTICIPANT:
• can reject the role of hearer
• listens to what the speaker says.
• may affront the sender’s face (though less than an addressee)
• may cooperate in the speech act.
• is directly addressed – he is expected to take part in the conversation if called upon.

A BYSTANDER:
• hears a conversation without taking part in it, at first.
• can reject the role of hearer.
• may cooperate in the speech act.

AN EAVESDROPPER:
• deliberately listens to a conversation secretly.
• can reject the role of hearer but at the same time his face (hearer’s) is affronted and also the sender’s face may be affronted by the intrussion.
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ArianaR



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PostSubject: Re: Definitions   Thu Sep 18, 2008 10:17 am

.An addressee is someone who:
-Is directly addressed,
-listens,
- cannot reject the role of Hearer,
-should affront to Sender¨s face,
- is expected to participate.

A ratified participant is someone who:
-listens
-can reject the Hearer´s role,
-should affront to Sender¨s face ( less than the addressee),
-is expected to participate appropriately if they are called upon.

A bystander is someone who:
-is not addressed,
-Overhears a conversation,
- may accept or reject the role of Hearer without loss of face.

An eavesdropper is someone who:
- listens to a conversation without being addressed,
- can reject the role of Hearer.
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MarianelaB



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PostSubject: Re: Definitions   Thu Sep 18, 2008 11:02 am

An addressee is someone who is directly addressed by the S. If he rejects role of H, the sender’s face may be affronted

A ratified participant is someone who listens attentively to what is said so that he may cooperate in the speech act if called upon to participate. He can reject the H role more freely than an addressee and with less of an affront to S’s face.

A bystander is someone who hears an U within earshot, an overhearer. He can reject (or accept) the role of H without loss of face since there was no original specific intention on the S’s part to directly address him.

An eavesdropper is an overhearer. The hearer’s face may be affronted if he admits to listening because it makes him/her look bad and, on the other hand, the sender’s face may be affronted by his intrusion
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elianaa



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PostSubject: Re: Definitions   Fri Sep 19, 2008 11:45 pm

ADDRESSEE:
• listens
• the sender´s face may be affronted
• is directly addressed.

RATIFIED PARTICIPANT:
• listens
• can reject the role of hearer
• the sender´s face may be affronted
• may cooperate in the speech act
• is directly addressed

BYSTANDER
• hears
• can reject the role of hearer
• may cooperate in the speech act

EAVESDROPPER
• listens
• can reject the role of hearer
• the sender´s face may be affronted
• the hearer´s face may be affronted
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javiers



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PostSubject: Re: Definitions   Sat Sep 20, 2008 1:07 am

THE ADDRESSEE LISTENS, IS DIRECTLY ADDRESSED AND CANNOT REJECT THE ROLE OF HEARER SINCE THE SENDER’S FACE MAY BE AFFRONTED.

THE RATIFIED PARTICIPANT IS NOT DIRECTLY ADDRESSED, CAN REJECT THE ROLE OF HEARER SINCE IN DOING SO THE SENDER’S FACE MAY NOT BE AFFRONTED AND MAY COOPERATE IN THE SPEECH ACT.

THE BYSTANDER IS NOT DIRECTLY ADDRESSED, HEARS, CAN REJECT THE ROLE OF HEARER SINCE IN DOING SO THE SENDER’S FACE MAY NOT BE AFFRONTED AND MAY NOT COOPERATE IN THE SPEECH ACT.

THE EAVESDROPPER IS NOT DIRECTLY ADDRESSED, LISTENS, CAN REJECT THE ROLE OF HEARER AND MAY NOT COOPERATE IN THE SPEECH ACT.
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RCamila



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PostSubject: Re: Definitions   Sat Sep 20, 2008 1:19 am

Addressee: a person who is directly addressed by a speaker. He can reject the role of hearer at the expense of facing the speaker’s face.
Ratified participant: a person who may choose not to cooperate in the speech act, without affronting the speaker’s face.
Bystander: someone within earshot who hears a conversation. Although he is not intended as a hearer, he can accept or reject such role if assigned.
Eavesdropper: someone who purposely listens to the conversation of others. The hearer’s face may be affronted if he admits to listening.
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julietaf



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PostSubject: Re: Definitions   Sat Sep 20, 2008 4:46 pm

ADDRESSEE: someone who is direclty addressed by the Speaker and who cannot reject te role of hearer without serious affront to the speaker's face.

RATIFIED PARTICIPANT: someone who listens but is not directly addressed by the speaker. He can reject the role of hearer more freely and as a result the speaker's face may be affronted. He may cooperate in the speech act.

BYSTANDER: someone who hears what a speaker says to an addressee but is not directly addressed. He can accept or reject the role of hearer without affronting the speaker's face.

EAVESDROPPER: someone who listens to what a speaker says to the addressee without being expected to do so. By accepting the role of hearer he may lose his own positive face and threaten the speaker's negative face.
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MarinaP



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PostSubject: Re: Definitions   Sat Sep 20, 2008 11:18 pm

An addressee is someone who is directly addressed by the subject. He/she listens and can't reject the role of H. If he rejects that role, the sender's face may be affronted.

A ratified participant is an attentive listener who is expected to participate if he/she is called upon. He can reject the H's role and may affront the sender's face (but less than the addressee).

A bystander is an overhearer. He/she is not directly addressed and may accept or reject the role of H without loss of face.

An eavesdropper is a secret overhearer. He/she listens to a conversation without being addressed and can also reject the role of H.
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micaela g



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PostSubject: Re: Definitions   Tue Sep 23, 2008 11:20 am

ADDRESSEE: It is any person who is directly addressed in a certain context and that receives a message without rejecting his / her role of hearer. The sender’s face may be affronted.

RATIFIED PARTICIPANT: It is any person that receives a message but who can reject his / her role of hearer. In this case, the hearer’s face may be affronted. The ratified participant may cooperate in the speech act since he / she might consider himself / herself and addressee in an act of communication.

BYSTANDER: It refers to any person who watches what is happening or hears something without taking part or being involved. He / She is not originally intended as a hearer and may accept or reject his / her role without loss of face.

EAVESDROPPER: It is any person who, like the bystander, overhears a conversation without taking part on it. He / She only hears by chance but it may be that they listen because of 2 signs: one is shown in their own positive face because it makes him / her look bad, and the second is seen in the speaker’s negative face, product of the eavesdropper’s intrusion.
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agustinam



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PostSubject: A BUNCH OF RECEIVERS   Sun Sep 28, 2008 6:22 pm

An addressee:
  • is directly addressed.
    listens attentively.
    can threaten the sender´s face by rejecting the role of hearer.
    may have his face affronted.
    may or may not cooperate in the speech act-though he is expected to do it.


A ratified participant:
  • listens (if he considers himself a participant)
    can reject the role of hearer without seriously threatening the sender´s face.
    may have his face affronted by the sender.
    may or may not be directly addressed.
    can cooperate in the speech act if he decides it, or if the sender calls for his participation.


A bystander:
  • overhears.
    may or may not listen-though he is not expected to do so.
    can reject the role of hearer without loss of face.
    is not directly addressed.
    does not usually cooperate, but he may be called upon to do it.


An eavesdropper:
  • intentionally listens-though he is not expected to do so.
    can reject the role of hearer at the expense of his positive face.
    affronts the sender´s face by the intrusion.
    is not directly addressed.
    may wish to cooperate in the speech act.
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florenciaonti



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PostSubject: Re: Definitions   Sun Sep 28, 2008 10:55 pm

Addresse:
* someone who listens to the U because he/she has been directly addressed by S.
* can't reject the role of hearer without serious affront to S's face.

Ratified Participant:
* listens to U.
* can reject the role of H more freely than an addresse and with less of an affront to S's face.
* may cooperate in the speech act (if called upon to participate).

Bystander:* depending on the circumstances hears or listens to, inspite of not being addressed by S.
* may or may not cooperate in the speech act.

Eavesdropper:* listens secretly to U.
*both S's and H's faces may be affronted by the intrusion.
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ValeriaF



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PostSubject: Re: Definitions   Mon Sep 29, 2008 9:06 pm

Addressee:
Like a Star @ heaven Is someone who is directly adressed by the speaker, therefore he/she cannot reject the role of the hearer. Eventually the addressee may become speaker, cooperating in the speech act.

Ratified Participant:
Like a Star @ heaven Is someone who can reject the role of the hearer more freely than the addressee. Ratified participants are expected to cooperate in the speech act.

Bystander:
Like a Star @ heaven He/She was not intended to hear, but may, depending on the circumstance accept or reject the role of hearer without loss of face.

Eavesdropper:
Like a Star @ heaven Is someone who listens at the expense of the loss of their own possitive face. It may also happen that the eavesdropper losses the speaker's face.
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